When writing a piece of work you should provide references to the sources used. A reference is the detailed description of the item you used to gain information e.g. author, title, date and place of publication, publisher. References are briefly cited within the text, and then given in full at the end of your work in a Reference List.
References are used to:
Below is a link to the De Montfort University Library Harvard Referencing Guide that shows you the correct way to reference.
Note: your Faculty may have their own guide that they want their students to use, consult your student handbooks.
Copyright; what you need to KNOW!
Your use of virtually all the learning resources that you use as a student (books, periodicals, videos, software, etc) will be covered by law. The law states that you should not copy someone else's copyright material unless you have their permission or it falls within the limits allowed for fair dealing. The University has a responsibility to ensure that its students are fully aware of the principles of the law. Students are responsible for making sure they do not break the law. If you do, the consequences for you as an individual, as well as for the University, may be severe. Obeying copyright law and licences will also help you from falling into the trap of plagiarism, which is a disciplinary offence at the University.licences will also help you from falling into the trap of plagiarism, which is a disciplinary offence at the University.
For the purposes of your own study, within reasonable limits, under what is known as fair dealing you are permitted to copy:
One article in a single issue of a journal or set of conference proceedings, or a single law report;
An extract from a book amounting to 5% of the whole or a complete chapter, whichever is greater;
A whole poem or short story from a collection, provided the item is not more than 10 pages;
As a rule of thumb, you are advised not to copy beyond these limits under fair dealing.
There will be times when you wish to include, or make reference to, material which is not your own (i.e. which is someone else’s copyright) when completing an assignment. It is legitimate to include quotations for the purposes of criticism and review, but you must make sure that such material is properly acknowledged or referenced.
The University has also taken out a number of licences which permit its students and staff to copy under certain restrictions. Further details about these licences can be found on the online guide.
Copyright also covers information in electronic formats, whether that is music, films, software, or material on the Internet. Because copying from digital media is so much easier than from print, you need to be especially careful.
You should not:
There is a useful online guide available covering a wide range of copyright issues including, the law, what you are permitted to do, licences and much more. You will also find the contact details for the Copyright Officer here.
Academic offences include plagiarism, cheating, collusion, copying work and reuse of your own work, among others.
The university takes academic offences very seriously and they can lead to expulsion. We make every effort to ensure that students understand how to avoid committing such offences.
Plagiarism can be defined as the significant use of other people's work and the submission of it as though it were one's own in assessed coursework (such as dissertations, essays, experiments etc).
The university uses software packages to detect plagiarism.
For more detail see the online supporting leaflet.
Always cite and reference everything used and studied for your assignment.
See your student handbook for guidance regarding the favoured reference and citation conventions for your subject area.